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Nestle says it can make chocolate taste just as good with far less sugar
The huge Swiss food company, Nestle, says it has found a way to cut the sugar in its chocolate by 40% (CCSS Level: Grade 7, Words: 339)
Dec 4, 2016 Science & Technology
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Nestle, which makes well-known chocolate products such as KitKat and Aero, has revealed that its food researchers have found a way to make sugar in a new way so that they can use much less in their products. It is well known that sugar is a leading cause of people being overweight, so many companies are looking for ways to cut the amount of the sweetener in their products, without overly affecting the taste.

There is an amazing amount of sugar in chocolate. Milk chocolate is around 50% sugar, while white chocolate can contain up to 60%! As Nestle is still going thorough the patent process to protect its new sugar, the company is not giving much away on just how it is produced. "It is sugar, but it is assembled differently so it can disassemble easily in your mouth with less going into your gastrointestinal tract," said Dr. Stefan Catsicas, the company's chief technology officer, in a New York Times report.

When a sugar crystal dissolves on the tongue, it produces a sweet taste. However, a normal sugar crystal does not usually fully dissolve before it is swallowed. If you think of a crystal of normal sugar as a brick, then the new sugar can better be compared to a shoebox. That is, the crystals are hollow, so they melt quite quickly on the tongue giving a very sweet taste. But because there is actually less sugar by volume, a smaller amount of sugar is swallowed and absorbed in the digestive system.

Back in 2007 Nestle said they were committed to reducing the amount of sugar in their products so as to help fight obesity. They plan to start using the new sugar in their candy lines sometime in 2018. The giant Swiss food company also says they will sell the new product to other companies as well. However it won't be able to used everywhere. For example it will not work in soda drinks or in coffee, because in those products the sugar has already been dissolved.

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