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Many Children Get Little To No Exercise And Fitness Levels Are Falling, Says Survey
Experts say results are alarming, with children growing up in front of screens and starved of outdoor activity (CCSS Level: Grade 9, Words: 502)
Nov 20, 2016 Sports
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Many children, in a wide range of countries such as England, the US and Canada, as well as China, Estonia and Australia are among the least active in the world, with exercise almost completely removed from their lives. The advice from experts say that children should do at least an hour of moderately intense physical activity every day. But in England, for example, only one in six girls aged 11 to 15 manage this, along with only one in five boys, the report shows. Only one in three children of this age are taking part in any sport outside school.

The research by the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance, a worldwide group of researchers and health workers, was released in Bangkok. The report covers 38 countries from six continents, and presents findings that cover 60 per cent of the world's population.

In 2014, England was given an overall grade of C-D, in the first Global Matrix of Grades examining fitness. Since then, the measures of children's activity have either remained the same or got worse, bringing England down to a D-minus score. Childhood obesity has also grown to record levels, with one in 10 children obese when they begin primary school, and one in five becoming obese by the time they leave.

Researchers said the common lifestyle of children spending a day in front of the computer, followed by an evening seated in front of screens was going to be dangerous later in life. Fitness experts said these lazy lifestyles meant today's children could see their lives cut short by many types of illness that come with a lack of exercise.

Research shows that UK pre-school children spend an average of more than four hours a day looking at screens. Among those aged five to 15 the figure climbed even higher, to an average of five-and-a-half hours. At the same time, calorie intake has grown, mostly from sugary drinks. But exercise does not need to be heavy to cut down the health risks. Cycling, for example, is one easy way to get a little regular activity.

The countries where children are getting a good amount of exercise are Slovenia (A-minus), where around eight in 10 boys and seven in 10 girls aged between six to 18 took at least an hour's activity every day. In New Zealand (B-minus), two-thirds of children and young people managed this most days, while in South Africa around half of children were estimated to be doing at least an hour's such exercise daily.

The complete list is shown below:

Global Matrix of Grades, 2016: Overall physical activity

F

  • Chile
  • China
  • Scotland
  • Estonia
  • Qatar


F plus

  • Belgium


D minus

  • United States
  • Thailand
  • England
  • Wales
  • Spain
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Republic of Korea

D

  • Venuezuela
  • Sweden
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Poland
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Columbia
  • Finland
  • Gyana
  • Hong Kong
  • Ireland
  • Malaysia

D plus

  • Denmark

C minus

  • India
  • Brazil

C

  • Nigeria
  • South Africa
  • Kenya
  • Mexico
  • Mozambique


C plus

  • Zimbabwe


B minus

  • New Zealand


A minus

  • Slovenia

What is credited with causing the big growth in obesity?
a lack of exercise
higher calorie intake
too much time on screens
all of the above
Looking at the high-scoring countries, what continent do the majority of them come from?
Oceania
Europe
Africa
South America
What important consequence of the lack of exercise are experts most worried about?
illness in later life
unbalanced lifestyles
poor scores in tests
lack of sports skills
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ac-tiv-i-ty

doing physical exercise, often moving


adj.积极/活跃/活性

ad-vice

good ideas given by someone who knows


n.忠告

aid

help


n,v.援助

al-li-ance

a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations


n.联盟

ban

officially not allow


v.禁止

cal-o-rie

a unit of heat energy


n.卡路里

com-plete

to finish, end 


v.完成

com-plet-ly

totally, entirely


adv.完全

con-ti-nents

the world's continuous expanses of land


n.大陆

cyc-ling

riding a bicycle


v.骑自行车

dan-ger

something likely to cause harm or injury


n.危险

dan-ge-rous

likely to cause harm or injury, not safe


adj.危险

es-ti-ma-ted

roughly worked out or calculated


v.估计

ex-perts

persons with great skill in some area


n.专家

fit-ness

the condition of being fit and healthy


n.健身

health

free from illness or injury


n.健康

health-y

being well, without sickness


adj.健康

i-rate

feeling of great anger


adj.愤怒的

mea-sures

a plan or way of doing things /  units showing size or amount


n.措施/v.测量

 

mo-de-rate-ly

to a certain amount, quite


adv.适度地

o-be-si-ty

being fat or overweight


n.肥胖

phy-si-cal

to do with your body/related to the body instead of the mind


n,adj.自然体格/自然

pop-u-la-tion

the people who live in a particular place


n.人口

pre-sent

to deliver or put forward something / now, at this point in time


v,n.呈现/现在

 

re-cord

the best or most ever measured    


adj.记录

re-lease

to let go


v.发布

re-leased    

set free, allowed to move


v.放出/发布

re-mained

stayed behind


v.留下

re-search

looking for knowledge


v.调研

re-search-er

person who searches for knowledge


n.研究员

risk

the chance of something happening


n.风险

world wide

all around the world, everywhere


adj.全世界