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Paper Helmets May Solve A Problem For Bike Renters
Meet the cheap, foldable, disposable bike helmet (CCSS Level: Grade 9, Words: 296)
Nov 16, 2016 Science & Technology
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Recent figures show that cycling sends more than 500,000 Americans to the emergency room each year, and around 85,000 report head injuries. Hard knocks on the head are especially dangerous as they can cause skull fractures, concussions, and other brain damage, often permanently. Right now, cyclists overwhelmingly prefer today's plastic-covered, polystyrene-foam helmets because they are light in weight, ventilated and fairly cheap. However many people ride hired or shared bikes and they have no helmet at all.

However a paper product wouldn't be many people's first thought when they were looking for a new type of bike helmet. But a design based on exactly that idea, has just won James Dyson's international inventors' competition. Industrial designer Isis Shiffer was traveling overseas and using the bike sharing systems available in many countries. It was then that she got the idea that would eventually become her disposable, paper helmets.

"I was abroad in London, and Tokyo, and other places, and there were never any helmets available, and I was really anxious because I was riding on the wrong side of the road, and I was absolutely convinced that I was gonna get flattened. So, I thought that there really needed to be something there for cyclists like myself," Shiffer said.

Shiffer's paper creations, which she has named Eco Helmets, are made of waterproof paper folded into a honeycomb pattern, which is good at absorbing shocks and impacts. She foresees the time when they will be sold in vending machines or even at businesses such as coffee shops and railway stations. Ms Shiffer is now working toward getting certification from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.

With the prize money of 30,000 pounds, she is going to develop her design further and develop her own consultancy business.

Which group of people usually ride a bike with no helmet at all?
people who are traveling
people who rent bicycles
people who live in London
people who own their own bike
Why was Ms Shiffer so worried about riding without a helmet in foreign cities?
she was riding on a different side of the road
she did not know how to ride a bike properly
she could not speak the language to ask directions
she wanted a plastic and polystyrene helmet
Paper helmets are good at absorbing impacts because…
the paper has many layers glued together
the paper is folded in a special way
paper is naturally a very strong material
paper is biodegradable and recyclable
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ab-sor-bing

taking in or soaking up


v.吸收

aid

help


n,v.援助

an-xious

worried or uneasy


adj.焦急

a-vai-la-ble

able to be used


adj.可用的

bus-i-ness

a group that supplies goods or services to buyers


n.商业

com-mis-sion

a payment to an agent for services


n.佣金

com-pe-ti-tion

a contest to see who is the winner


n.竞争/比赛

con-cus-sion

a violent shock from a heavy blow


n.脑震荡

con-cus-sions

knocked unconscious


n.脑震荡

con-vince

persuade, make people believe something


v.说服

cyc-ling

riding a bicycle


v.骑自行车

cy-clist

a person who rides a bicycle


n.骑行者

da-mage

hurt or cause harm


v.损伤

dan-ger

something likely to cause harm or injury


n.危险

dan-ge-rous

likely to cause harm or injury, not safe


adj.危险

dis-po-sa-ble

to be used once then thrown away


adj.一次性

e-mer-gen-cy

serious or dangerous situation


n.紧急

e-ven-tual-ly

in the end, after a period of time


adv.最终

fore-see

as far as can be seen or predicted


adj.可预见的

frac-tures

breaks in bones or other hard materials


n.骨折

helm

steer (as in boat or ship)


v.掌舵

hel-met

a hard padded had for protection    


n.头盔

ho-ney

sweet liquid made from nectar collected by bees    


n.蜂蜜

im-pact

a strong effect


n.影响

in-dus-tri-al

related to industry


adj.产业

in-ju-ries

hurt or damage to the body


n.伤害

in-ter-na-tion-al

existing between two or more countries


adj.国际

mis-sion

an important task, usually involving travel


n.任务/使命

o-ver-whel-ming

very great in amount or force


adj.压倒性

o-ver-whel-ming-ly

too many to resist


adv.压倒性地

per-ma-nent

lasting forever, never ending


adj.永久/常驻

per-ma-nent-ly

lasting forever, for all time


adv.永久

plas-tic

man made material such as pvc or nylon


n.塑料

re-cent

not long ago


adj.最近    

spe-cial

better or greater than usual


adj.特别

stem

the main body or stalk of a plant or shrub, usually rising above ground


n.干茎

tri-al

a test of how something works    


n.审讯/考验

ven-ti-la-ted

letting air enter and move freely


adj.通风

weight

how heavy something is


n.重量