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Google Doodle Celebrates American Doctor On her 109th Birthday
The New Jersey-born doctor helped transform the mortality rate of newborn babies in the US with her neonatal prognosis, known as the Apgar Score (CCSS Level: Grade 9, Words: 180)
Jun 8, 2018 History
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Dr. Virginia Apgar came into this world on June 7, 1909. 109 years later, her presence can still be felt in delivery rooms across the globe.

She was born in New Jersey in 1909 to a musical family, but Apgar always had a keen interest in science and left school knowing she wanted to be a doctor.

She initially studied zoology, chemistry and physiology before attending Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. However, she was discouraged from pursuing surgery by Dr Allen Whipple at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Centre who instead advised her to study anaesthesiology.

She eventually became a leading figure in the field.

She invented the Apgar score, the first standardised method for assessing a newborn's heath. It looks at 5 factors, which doctors remember by spelling out her last name: appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respiration. Apgar first came up with this scoring system in 1952, and it has been used in nearly every hospital birth since then.

We celebrate a woman whose incredible life's work continues to touch - and sometimes save - brand new lives every day.

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ad-vised

urged or encouraged


v.建议

ce-le-brate

to do something enjoyable for a special event


v.庆祝

con-ti-nue

go on and on


v.继续

con-tin-ues

keeps on going


v.继续

de-li-ver

bring and hand over goods


v.交付

de-li-ve-ry

the carrying of goods to a customer


n.交货/运输

e-di-ble

OK to eat


adj.食用

e-ons

a very long time, a billion years    


n.永世

e-ven-tual-ly

in the end, after a period of time


adv.最终

hos-pi-tal

a place to care for sick or hurt people


n.医院

in-cre-di-ble

difficult to believe, amazing


adj.难以置信/荒诞

jer-sey

sweater, cycling shirt


n.球衣

liv-er

the largest organ in the body, which breaks down and detoxifies substances


n.肝

phy-si-cian

a person qualified to practice medicine; a doctor


n.医师

pre-sence

being present or stationed at a place


n.存在/光临

stan-dard

the normal amount


n.标准

stem

the main body or stalk of a plant or shrub, usually rising above ground


n.干茎

surgeon

a doctor who carries out operations


n.外科医生

tend

regularly or frequently behave in a particular way or have a certain characteristic


v.趋向