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Many Surgical Trainees Consider Giving Up Their Careers When Pregnant
Many trainee female surgeons consider leaving field before they even start, a U.S. study suggests (CCSS Level: Grade 11, Words: 315)
Apr 16, 2018 Style & Living
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For the study, researchers examined survey data collected from 347 female surgeons who were 31 years old on average and had a total of 452 pregnancies between them. Overall, 86 percent of the women worked an unmodified schedule up until birth and roughly two-thirds said they were concerned that their job hours might have negatively impacted their babies.

"The women surveyed reported concerns about unmodified work schedules during pregnancy, dissatisfaction with maternity leave options, stigma and fear of loss of reputation from being pregnant during training, inadequate lactation and childcare support and a desire for greater mentorship on work-life integration," said lead study author Dr. Erika Lu Rangel of Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston.

"This emphasises that pregnancy and childcare support may have a significant influence on the decision to pursue or maintain a career in surgery," Rangel said by email. "To attract and retain the most talented candidates, surgical leaders must address the challenges facing new mothers in residency."

A total of 251 women, or 78 percent said they got six weeks or less for maternity leave, researchers reported. Roughy the same proportion of women said the duration of their leave was inadequate.

While 329 women, or 96 percent, said breastfeeding was important, 58 percent said they stopped nursing their babies sooner than they wanted to because of challenges such as a lack of lactation facilities or time to express milk at work, the study also found.

Only 18 percent, said they had childcare provided or subsidised by their employers. A total of 135 women, or 39 precent, said they strongly considered leaving their surgical training programs due to challenges with pregnancy and becoming mothers.

In addition, 102 women, or 30 percent, said they would discourage female medical students from a surgical career, specifically because of the challenges of balancing pregnancy and motherhood with training.

The study was published in JAMA Surgery.

To close the gender gap, what levels of support would medical institutions need to provide?
support mothers while they are in surgical training
provide longer periods of maternity leave
daycare with appropriate hours, breastfeeding facilities
all of these
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aid

help


n,v.援助

au-thor

a writer of a book or report


n.作者

can-di-date

a person who applies for a job or is nominated for election


n.候选人

ca-reer

a job for a big part of your life


n.事业

chal-lenge

a call to take part in a contest


n.挑战

con-cerned

worried, troubled or anxious


adj.关心

con-si-dered

thought to be


adj.考虑

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the act of deciding something, making a choice


n.决定

dis-sat-is-fac-tion

lack of satisfaction


n.不满意

em-pha-si-ses

give special importance or prominence to (something) in speaking or writing


v.强调

e-ons

a very long time, a billion years    


n.永世

fe-male

girls, women


n.女性

hos-pi-tal

a place to care for sick or hurt people


n.医院

im-pact

a strong effect


n.影响

in-ad-e-quate

lacking the quality or quantity required; not good enough


adj.不足/不适当

lac-ta-tion

breastfeeding


n.哺乳期

ma-ter-ni-ty

place where mothers give birth to a baby


n.妇产科

mo-di-fied

specially changed to make something better or more suitable


v.改良

ne-ga-tive-ly

refusal, not in favour


adj.负面    

op-tions

things that I can choose from


n.选项    

por-tion

a part, especially of food

 


n.一部分

preg-nan-cy

the condition or period of being pregnant


n.怀孕

preg-nant

when a female is growing a baby inside her body


adj.怀孕

pro-por-tion

a part or share


n.比例

pub-lished

to put out a book for sale


v.发表

re-cent

not long ago


adj.最近    

rep-u-ta-tion

a belief about something


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re-search

looking for knowledge


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re-search-er

person who searches for knowledge


n.研究员

rough

having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level


adj.粗暴

sa-tis-fac-tion    

a happy feeling because of something that happened

 


n.满意

sig-nif-i-cant

important, standing out from the rest


adj.重大/有意义

stig-ma

a mark of disgrace or loss of reputation    


n.瑕疵

surgeon

a doctor who carries out operations


n.外科医生

sur-gi-cal

of, relating to, or used in surgery


adj.外科

sur-vey

a view or check on something


n.调查

ta-len-ted

having natural skill


adj.天才