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NZ comes first in medals, per head of population
Multiple Golds For New Zealand At Paralympics (CCSS Level: Grade 7, Words: 338)
Sep 14, 2016 Sports

New Zealand continues to perform way beyond what might be expected at the Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro. The Paralympics is a sporting event in which physically disabled athletes are given the chance to compete against each other, mostly in the same events as normally-abled athletes at the Olympics.

Kiwi Liam Malone was a standout with his running at the athletics stadium, winning the 200m gold medal, which followed his 100m silver earlier in the week.

This made New Zealand seventh on the medal count, and first on the table that matches a countriy's medals with their population - the tiny country now has eight golds, five silvers and three bronze medals, in athletics, cycling and swimming.

Malone won the 200m race in a record time of 21.06 seconds, passing the time set by South Africa's Oscar Pistorius. Malone beat American Hunter Woodhall who took silver and German David Bahre who won bronze. Malone still has to run in his favourite event, the 400m, meaning that he could score a wonderful medal total for the three distances. The heats for the 400m are on Thursday and the final is on Friday morning.

Malone, like most Paralympic runners, uses what are called "blades" to run. He lost both his legs below the knee and so needs two blades, while other runners sometimes only need one blade. Like other runners, Malone's blades not only allow him to walk, but also to run - fast!

Blades store energy just like a spring so the athlete can run and jump. The blades are made from carbon fibre, a bendy material that is stiffer than steel, and around five times stronger. Over 80 layers of carbon fibre are required to make one running blade, and these need to be all made by hand. This means that blades are very expensive - a pair can cost around $5,000 USD.

However a runner wearing blades is able to win races in times that almost match a fully-abled runner, as shown by Malone at this year's Paralympics.

The first sentence says New Zealand performs "above expectations". This means…
the country has a high medal count compared to its very small population
the country doesn't have many good athletes and was not expected to do well
New Zealand does not have many disabled athletes to enter in the Paralympics
the country cannot afford the high cost of attending international events
The prefix "dis" often changes a word to mean the opposite, such as in disabled. Which word below can be made to mean the opposite by adding "dis" at the beginning?
Why is carbon fibre used for blades, instead of steel?
It is cheaper and easier to make than steel
It does not irritate an athlete's skin
It is stiffer and stronger than steel
It lasts much longer than steel does
Whose record did Liam Malone break in the 200m race?
His own record
Oscar Pistorius
Hunter Woodhall
David Bahre
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persons good at sport



a chemical element that has two main forms (diamond and graphite) and that also occurs in charcoal



able to be as good as others




go on and on



keeps on going



riding a bicycle



unable to run, walk etc the same as other people because of a physical problem



strength needed to get stuff done



something seen as likely to happen



costing a lot of money



most liked



sheets or thickness of material



to be the same as something else



international sports meeting held every four years



an international multi-sport event involving athletes with a range of disabilities



put on a show



to do with your body/related to the body instead of the mind



the people who live in a particular place



the best or most ever measured    









a material that returns to its shape after pressed or stretched



a sports arena with rows of seats



easy to notice, attracting attention / better than others



not easily bent or changed; stronger; rigid



to keep something for future use