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NZ comes first in medals, per head of population
Multiple Golds For New Zealand At Paralympics (CCSS Level: Grade 7, Words: 338)
Sep 14, 2016 Sports
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New Zealand continues to perform way beyond what might be expected at the Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro. The Paralympics is a sporting event in which physically disabled athletes are given the chance to compete against each other, mostly in the same events as normally-abled athletes at the Olympics.

Kiwi Liam Malone was a standout with his running at the athletics stadium, winning the 200m gold medal, which followed his 100m silver earlier in the week.

This made New Zealand seventh on the medal count, and first on the table that matches a countriy's medals with their population - the tiny country now has eight golds, five silvers and three bronze medals, in athletics, cycling and swimming.

Malone won the 200m race in a record time of 21.06 seconds, passing the time set by South Africa's Oscar Pistorius. Malone beat American Hunter Woodhall who took silver and German David Bahre who won bronze. Malone still has to run in his favourite event, the 400m, meaning that he could score a wonderful medal total for the three distances. The heats for the 400m are on Thursday and the final is on Friday morning.

Malone, like most Paralympic runners, uses what are called "blades" to run. He lost both his legs below the knee and so needs two blades, while other runners sometimes only need one blade. Like other runners, Malone's blades not only allow him to walk, but also to run - fast!

Blades store energy just like a spring so the athlete can run and jump. The blades are made from carbon fibre, a bendy material that is stiffer than steel, and around five times stronger. Over 80 layers of carbon fibre are required to make one running blade, and these need to be all made by hand. This means that blades are very expensive - a pair can cost around $5,000 USD.

However a runner wearing blades is able to win races in times that almost match a fully-abled runner, as shown by Malone at this year's Paralympics.

The first sentence says New Zealand performs "above expectations". This means…
the country has a high medal count compared to its very small population
the country doesn't have many good athletes and was not expected to do well
New Zealand does not have many disabled athletes to enter in the Paralympics
the country cannot afford the high cost of attending international events
The prefix "dis" often changes a word to mean the opposite, such as in disabled. Which word below can be made to mean the opposite by adding "dis" at the beginning?
probable
appear
likely
happy
Why is carbon fibre used for blades, instead of steel?
It is cheaper and easier to make than steel
It does not irritate an athlete's skin
It is stiffer and stronger than steel
It lasts much longer than steel does
Whose record did Liam Malone break in the 200m race?
His own record
Oscar Pistorius
Hunter Woodhall
David Bahre
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ath-letes

persons good at sport


n.运动员

car-bon

a chemical element that has two main forms (diamond and graphite) and that also occurs in charcoal


n.碳

com-pete

able to be as good as others

 


v.竞争

con-ti-nue

go on and on


v.继续

con-tin-ues

keeps on going


v.继续

cyc-ling

riding a bicycle


v.骑自行车

dis-a-bled

unable to run, walk etc the same as other people because of a physical problem


adj.残疾

e-ner-gy

strength needed to get stuff done


n.精力/能源

ex-pec-ted

something seen as likely to happen


v.预期

ex-pen-sive

costing a lot of money


adj.昂贵

fa-vour-ite

most liked


adj.喜爱/宠爱

la-yers

sheets or thickness of material


n.层

match

to be the same as something else


v.匹配

O-lym-pics

international sports meeting held every four years


n.奥运会

Pa-ra-lym-pics

an international multi-sport event involving athletes with a range of disabilities


n.残奥会

per-form

put on a show


v.演出/表演

phy-si-cal

to do with your body/related to the body instead of the mind


n,adj.自然体格/自然

pop-u-la-tion

the people who live in a particular place


n.人口

re-cord

the best or most ever measured    


adj.记录

re-quire

need


v.要求

re-quired

needed


v.需要

spring

a material that returns to its shape after pressed or stretched


n.弹簧

sta-di-um

a sports arena with rows of seats


n.体育场馆

stand-out

easy to notice, attracting attention / better than others


adj,n.突出/与众不同

stif-fer

not easily bent or changed; stronger; rigid


ad.更僵硬/死板

store

to keep something for future use


v.储存