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NZ has fifth-warmest year since 1909
The impacts of extreme weather give us a taste of things to come in warming climate (CCSS Level: Grade 8, Words: 231)
Jan 11, 2018 World News
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Otago comes up quite often in Niwa's 2017 New Zealand Climate Summary, after setting weather records. The summary, which was released yesterday, shows 2017 was the fifth-warmest year on record for New Zealand. It was largely all about warm temperatures and high rainfall, but ended with record-breaking dry-spells and drought, based on Niwa's seven-station summary, which began way back in 1909.

It showed an annual average temperature that was 13.15 degrees C - more than half a degree above the 1981-2010 annual average.

Leigh, north of Auckland, recoded the nation's highest annual average temperate with 17.0 degrees C, and the highest air temperature was 35.5 degrees C, recorded at Wairoa and Ashburton on February 6. These highs were followed by Whangarei and Kaitaia. Otago also figured in the Niwa Statistics on October 19 and 20, when a warm northwest Foehn wind caused temperatures to go above 30 degrees C at some places.

On the other hand, annual rainfall was 50-79% below normal in much of Southland and inland Otago. Cromwell and Alexandra all had less than 300mm of rainfall for the whole year.

Two other places recorded that much rain in a single day: Castle Mount and Milford Sound.

Dr Salinger said that the Bureau of Meteorology had forecast the marine heatwave to continue for the rest of the summer, particularly in southern parts of New Zealand.

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aid

help


n,v.援助

an-nu-al

happening every year


adj.年度/全年

ash

the powdery residue left after the burning of a substance or emitted by a volcano


n.灰

brea-king

separate into pieces, smashing


v.破坏

cli-mate

the weather conditions in an area over a long period


n.气候

con-ti-nue

go on and on


v.继续

drought

no rain for a long time


n.干旱

ma-rine

to do with the sea


adj.海洋

par-ti-cu-lar-ly

very or especially


adj.尤其    

re-cord

the best or most ever measured    


adj.记录

re-cord-brea-king

the best, biggest, or most ever


adj.破纪录

re-cords

times when someone is the best, or highest


n.记录

re-lease

to let go


v.发布

re-leased    

set free, allowed to move


v.放出/发布

rough

having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level


adj.粗暴

sat-tis-tics

facts or pieces of data from a study of a large amount of numerical data


n.统计

tem-per-a-ture

how hot something is


n.温度

tem-pe-ra-tures

the amount of heat in something


n.温度