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Elephants Are More Threatened Than We Thought
Africa's elephants are in danger of being wiped out (CCSS Level: Grade 7, Words: 307)
Sep 7, 2016 Style & Living
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African elephant numbers have gone down by a huge amount in the last few years. The reason for the decline in numbers is mostly due to poaching, and if nothing is done then experts warn that the African elephant may even be wiped out completely.

In a study paid for by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, the plains elephants' population in Africa is now 30 per cent less than it was in 2007. Every year around 8% of the population is lost. Between 2007 and 2014, the number of elephants dropped by a startling 144,000.

Dozens of planes were used to carry out a survey from the air, covering eighteen African countries. The study, called the Great Elephant Census, decided that there are now 352,271 plains elephants in Africa.

The survey also found huge numbers of dead elephants as well. They saw about twelve dead elephants for every one hundred live ones. This shows that poaching is still a very big problem that is causing elephant numbers to drop.

The survey required 90 scientists doing on-the-ground work in 18 countries, but the picture they found is very worrying. The worst falls in numbers are in Angola, Mozambique and Tanzania. In certain parts of Cameroon and Zambia, elephant populations have already almost gone. In some parts of Zimbabwe populations are down by a sickening 74 percent.

However there are some reasons for hope. Populations in some African nations have gone down only a little or have even increased. And more and more people see the need for change. Many African countries are starting to see that wildlife is worth more alive than dead, and that it can generate income, through tourism for example. But the Great Elephant Census tells us we must act, and we must act now if we are to save these magnificent animals.

What is the main cause for the drop in elephant numbers?
Governments do not care about elephants
Tourists are causing problems for wildlife
Drought and a lack of food causes elephants to starve
Hunters are illegally killing elephants for ivory
Which Microsoft co-founder paid for the survey?
Bill Gates
Paul Allen
Steve Jobs
Satya Nadella
In the sentence "In some parts of Zimbabwe populations are down by a sickening 74 percent", which word would best replace the word "sickening"?
disgusting
annoying
painful
scary
What example is given to show that elephants alive can be worth more than dead?
advertising
tourisim
bio-diversity
farming
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aid

help


n,v.援助

cen-sus

a count of a population    


n.人口调查

com-plete

to finish, end 


v.完成

com-plet-ly

totally, entirely


adv.完全

de-cline

a steady drop in numbers or amount


n.下降

ex-perts

persons with great skill in some area


n.专家

ge-ne-rate

to cause something to happen, to produce energy


v.生成/产生

in-come

money gained through work or investment


n.收入

in-crease

growing or becoming greater


n.增加

mag-ni-fi-cent

very beautiful, good or excellent


adj.华丽的

poa-ching

illegal hunting and killing of wild animals


v.盗猎

pop-u-la-tion

the people who live in a particular place


n.人口

pop-u-la-tions

the numbers of people living in a place


n.人群

pro-blem

something that might be harmful, needing to be solved


n.问题

re-quire

need


v.要求

re-quired

needed


v.需要

rough

having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level


adj.粗暴

sci-en-tists

experts in science, people who study science


n.科学家

sick-en-ing

awful, causing disgust


v.令人作呕

start-ling

very surprising or shocking


adj.触目惊心/意想不到

sur-vey

a view or check on something


n.调查

wor-ry-ring

causing worry or alarm


ADJ.令人担忧