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Women Can Be Just As Risk-taking As Men
Women brave and heroic too (CCSS Level: Grade 11, Words: 299)
Oct 9, 2017 Science & Technology
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Women can be just as risk-taking as men or even more so when the conventional macho measures of daring, such as betting money at a high stake poker game or riding a bike without a helmet, are replaced by less stereotypical criteria, reveals a new study says. When bias is removed from traditionally masculine behaviours, women and men tend to rate themselves as equally able to take risks, revealed the study.

"Traditional measures of risk-taking tend to overlook the fact that women take many risks all the time - they go horseback riding, they challenge sexism, they are more likely to donate their kidneys to family members." said Thekla Morgenroth, researcher at the University of Exeter in the UK. "When people imagine a risk-taker, chances are that the person they picture will be a man. In other words, in our culture, risk is strongly associated with masculinity."

In the study, published in the journal of Social Psychological and Personality Science, researchers analysed 238 people in two experiments. The results pose fresh questions about whether risk-taking is overwhelmingly a masculine personality trait, and whether women are a risk averse as previously suggested.

When stereotypically masculine criteria such as white-water rafting were used, men rated themselves as more likely to engage in risk-taking. Conversely, when new behaviour was included, such as taking cheer-leading class or cooking an impressive but difficult meal for a dinner party, women rated themselves as equally or more likely to take risks.

"Understanding the nature of gender differences in risk taking is particularly important as the assumption that women are risk averse is often used to justify ongoing gender inequality-such as the gender pay gap and women's under-representation in politics and leadership," noted co-researcher Michelle Ryan, a professor from the university.

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aid

help


n,v.援助

as-so-ci-a-ted

one thing joined with another

 


adj.关联

chal-lenge

a call to take part in a contest


n.挑战

cult

something really popular amongst a group of people


n.礼拜    

dif-fe-ren-ces

the ways in which people or things are not the same


n.分歧

dif-fi-cult

hard, not easy


adj.困难

e-qual-i-ty

the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities


n.平等

e-qual-ly

in the same manner


adv.一样

ex-pe-ri-ment

something a scientist does to test an idea


n.实验

helm

steer (as in boat or ship)


v.掌舵

hel-met

a hard padded had for protection    


n.头盔

i-ma-gine

make a picture in your head

 


v.想像/推想

im-pres-sive

liked for its size or quality, awesome


adj.给人深刻印象的

mea-sures

a plan or way of doing things /  units showing size or amount


n.措施/v.测量

 

o-ver-whel-ming

very great in amount or force


adj.压倒性

o-ver-whel-ming-ly

too many to resist


adv.压倒性地

par-ti-cu-lar-ly

very or especially


adj.尤其    

per-so-na-li-ty

what makes up the character of someone, their style


n.个性

pre-sent

to deliver or put forward something / now, at this point in time


v,n.呈现/现在

 

pre-vi-ous

before


adj.以前

pre-vi-ous-ly

before


adv.之前

pro-fes-sor

teacher at a university


n.教授

psy-cho-lo-gi-cal

the mental and emotional star of a person


adj.心理/心智

pub-lished

to put out a book for sale


v.发表

qua-li-ty

how good something is


n.质量/品质

re-place

take the place of


v.更换

re-placed 

changed one thing with another   


v.取代/代替

rep-re-sen-ta-tion

something that stands for something else, the way something is shown


n.表示/表现

re-search

looking for knowledge


v.调研

re-search-er

person who searches for knowledge


n.研究员

re-veal

to make known


v.揭示

risk

the chance of something happening


n.风险

stake

to be won or lost


v.赌注

ster-e-o

sound that is directed through two or more speakers so that it seems to come from more than one source


n.立体声

tend

regularly or frequently behave in a particular way or have a certain characteristic


v.趋向

tra-di-tion-al

something done for a long time


adj.传统

tra-di-tion-al-ly

the way things are done, handed down over time


传统