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FDA Bans 19 Chemicals Used In Antibacterial Soaps
There is "no evidence that antibacterial soaps do a better job cleaning hands, and chemicals in them may pose health hazards" (CCSS Level: Grade 8, Words: 347)
Sep 5, 2016 Science & Technology
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In the US at least, it is time to say goodbye to "antibacterial" soaps. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been looking into antibacterial soaps as far back as 1978. Finally it has released its findings and the results are pretty clear.

In a statement the FDA said "Companies will no longer be able to market antibacterial washes with these ingredients because manufacturers did not demonstrate that the ingredients are both safe for long-term daily use and more effective than plain soap and water in preventing illness and the spread of certain infections. "

The ingredients that they are talking about include chemicals called triclosan and triclocarban. Triclosan is used in over 90 percent of liquid products labeled "antibacterial" or "antimicrobial". This one chemical alone has been used in well over 2,000 products, according to the FDA. Already some soap makers have started taking these chemicals out of their soap. Altogether 19 chemicals have been banned from soap.

Many people think that using antibacterial soaps and liquids must be good for killing germs, but the FDA says that there is no scientific evidence to show that they are actually any better than plain soap and water. The advice from them, and from the Centers For Disease Control (CDC) is simply to wash with plain soap and running water if you want to avoid getting sick and to prevent spreading germs to others.

In fact if soap and water aren't available, then an alcohol-based hand cleaner with 60% alcohol is a good second choice.

In 2013 the FDA gave soap makers one year to show that adding antibacterial chemicals did anything at all to help them kill germs. When no evidence was produced the FDA made their ruling on Friday. It is known that triclosan does break open the cell walls of germs and so kills them. The trouble is it takes several hours to do this and so has no real benefit for people.

Companies have a year to take the banned ingredients out of their products, or else they must remove the products from the market.

What one chemical is found in almost all antibacterial soaps?
triclosan
triclocarban
chloroxylenol
cloflucarban
Which technical word in the article is a synonym for "antibacterial"?
infections
ingredients
antimicrobial
chemicals
If a company does NOT remove the banned chemicals from their soaps, what must they do instead?
Find a different antibacterial chemical
Remove their products from the market
Label their soaps to show the ingredients
Only sell their soaps in hospitals
CDC is an acronym for what?
Change Data Capture
Community Development Corporation
Conference on Decision and Control
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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ac-cor-ding

as said by


v.根据

ac-tual

real, in fact


adj.实际

ad-vice

good ideas given by someone who knows


n.忠告

aid

help


n,v.援助

al-co-hol

a liquid used in drinks, fuel and to kill germs


n.酒精

an-ti-bac-ter-i-al

able to kill germs that cause sickness


adj.抗菌

ash

the powdery residue left after the burning of a substance or emitted by a volcano


n.灰

a-vai-la-ble

able to be used


adj.可用的

a-void

keep away from something


v.避免

bac-te-ri-a

one-celled animals, one of the smallest forms of life


n.菌/霉    

ban

officially not allow


v.禁止

banned

not allowed by law


v.禁止

be-ne-fit

make money from, help, gain


v,n.效益/好处

chem-i-cals

form of matter


n.化学制品

con-trol

operate a machine or equipment / the power to change or direct something


v,n.控制

dem-on-strate

proof or evidence


v.示范/演示

dis-ease

sickness, not being well


n.疾病

ef-fec-tive

able to produce a result


adj.有效

e-vi-dence

facts that show something is true


n.证据

fin-nal-ly

in the end


adv.最后

im-ply

strongly suggest the truth or existence of something


v.意味着/暗示

in-fec-tions

affects of disease-casing germs


n.感染

in-gre-di-ent

any of the foods or substances that are combined to make a particular dish


n.成分

in-gre-di-ents

foods that are mixed to make a dish or meal,
parts or pieces used to make something


n.配料

man-u-fac-tu-rers

people or companies that make things for sale


n.制造商

mar-ket

to sell / an area of business, the place where things are sold


v.n,销路/市场

pre-ven-ting

stop something from happening


v.防止

pro-ducts

things made for sale


n.产品

re-lease

to let go


v.发布

re-leased    

set free, allowed to move


v.放出/发布

sci-en-ti-fic

based on the methods and principles of science


adv.科学