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This Day In History: Much Of London Destroyed In Great Fire In 1666
The Great Fire of London started on Sep 2 1666, exactly 350 years ago (CCSS Level: Grade 6, Words: 487)
Sep 2, 2016 History
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The Great Fire of London was a major blaze that swept through the central parts of the English city of London from Sunday, 2 September to Wednesday, 5 September 1666. Today is the anniversary of a fire that changed the face of London and led to many improvements that can still be seen today.

In the 17th Century, people were not as aware of the dangers of fire as they are today. Buildings were made of timber and covered in pitch, to make them waterproof, and they were also built very close together. Pitch is very easy to burn and so the fire spread easily from building to building. It wasn't long before much of central London was destroyed.

The 350th anniversary of the Great Fire of London is being remembered with a set of six new stamps put out by the UK's postal service, the Royal Mail.

The stamps are designed by a well-known comic book artist named John Higgins. Higgins has drawn popular comic titles like Judge Dredd and 2000 AD. In the stamps he has used a graphic novel style of illustration and they show scenes from the start of the fire, how it spread through the city, and what happened afterwards.

The Great Fire of London started on Sunday, 2 September 1666 in a baker's shop belonging to Thomas Farynor, in a street called Pudding Lane. He thought he had put out the fire, but at 1 o'clock in the morning his house was filled with flames.

The fire swept on through the city, destroying many buildings including 13,200 houses, 87 churches, The Royal Exchange, Guildhall and St. Paul's Cathedral, which dated back to the Middle Ages. In 1666 there was no fire brigade. Firefighters didn't really know what they were doing and they only had buckets, axes and water squirters, which were, of course, useless against such a huge fire.

The desperate leaders of the city agreed they should blow up houses in the path of the fire. They thought that if they could create a break in the buildings then the fire would not be able to spread any more. The Navy had gunpowder, so they used it to blow up houses. The plan worked! The next day, on 6 September 1666, the fire had been stopped.

Even though it was a great disaster, the fire gave the city a chance to rebuild and so was created the London we know today. It was only days after the fire was out that plans to rebuild London were put to the King. Sir Christopher Wren planned the new city and the rebuilding of London took over 30 years.

The site where the fire first started is now marked by a 202-foot tower, which was built between 1671 and 1677. One of the most famous new buildings designed by Wren is St. Paul's Cathedral which still stands in the centre of London.

The article says that the fire was started by…
Christopher Wren
Judge Dredd
Thomas Farynor
John Higgins
Why is the fire being remembered with 6 new stamps?
To remind Londoners about the Great Fire
To commemorate 350 years since the Great Fire
To celebrate the building of St Paul's Cathedral
To honour the achievements of Sir Christopher Wren
How long did the fire burn for?
It burned for 4 days
It burned for 3 days
It burned for 3 weeks
The article does not say
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a-ware

know or be informed about


adj.察觉/注意到

blaze

burn fiercely or brightly


v.火焰

cre-a-ted

bring into being, make


v.创建

dan-ger

something likely to cause harm or injury


n.危险

de-signed

do or plan something for a reason


v.设计/计划

des-per-ate

having a great need


adj.危急

de-stroyed

damaged or broken beyond repair


v.销毁

dis-as-ter

something that causes great damage or loss of life


n.灾害/大难

fa-mous  

well known


adj.著名

im-prove

get better


v.提高/改善

in-clu-ding

containing, having as part of the whole


prep.包含

no-vel    

a book of fiction / strikingly new, unusual, or different


n,adj.小说 / 新颖 

rough

having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level


adj.粗暴

tim-ber

wood


n.木头