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Preparing For Life On The Moon, China Tests Self-Sustaining Space
Students trial lunar palace life-support base (CCSS Level: Grade 9, Words: 357)
Jul 10, 2017 Science & Technology
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While some nations may be content to simply set foot on the moon, Chinese students will live in a laboratory simulating a lunar-like environment for up to 200 days as China prepares for its long-term goal of putting humans back on the moon.

China wants to send a probe to the dark side of the moon by next year, and put astronauts on its surface by 2036, Reuters reports.

The four postgraduate students from the Beijing's astronautics research university Beihang have volunteered to entered a 160-square-meter cabin, dubbed the "Yuegong-1", or "Lunar Palace" beginning last Wednesday and will live in the sealed lab to simulate a long-term, self-contained space mission with no input from the outside world. "I'll get so much out of this," Liu Guanghui, a ph.D. student who entered the bunker on Sunday, said. "It's truly a different life experience. "

The station's specifications have been meticulously curated. "We've designed it so the oxygen is exactly enough to satisfy the humans, the animals and the organisms that break down the waste materials, " said Liu Hong, the project's principal architect.

While living in Lunar Palace-1. Students will recycle everything from leftover plant matter to their own waste. The latter task may bring to mind the Matt Damon character Mark Watney in the 2015 film The Martian, in which an astronaut was forced to jury-rig a space station to support him after he was stranded on Mars. In addition to using his own waste to fertilise plants, Watney had to cope with the psychological toll of being isolated from the outside world. The same is true of the Chinese students testing Lunar Palace-1.

The Lunar Palace is the world's third bioregenerative life-support bases, and the first developed in China. It's the only such facility to involve animals and micro-organisms as well as plants and humans.

China is pouring billions into its space program and working to catch up with the United States and Europe, with hopes to have a crewed outpost by 2022. Last month, China's first cargo spacecraft, Tianzhou-1, successfully completed docking with an orbiting space lab.

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aid

help


n,v.援助

as-tro-naut

a person trained to travel in a spacecraft


n.宇航员

as-tro-nau-tics

the science and technology of human space travel and exploration


n.航天

bil-lion

a very large number, equal to 10^9


No.十亿

com-plete

to finish, end 


v.完成

com-ple-ted

finished or ended


v.完成

cope

to deal with something difficult


v.应付

cu-rated

select, organize, and look after the items in a collection


v.优化

de-signed

do or plan something for a reason


v.设计/计划

de-ve-loped

cause something to grow or go into production    


v.研发

dif-fer-rent

not the same


adj.不同

en-vi-ron-ment

place where something lives


n.环境

ex-pe-ri-ence

come into contact with


v.经验

forced

not given a choice


adj.被迫

im-ply

strongly suggest the truth or existence of something


v.意味着/暗示

i-so-lat-ed

far away from other places, buildings, or people; remote


adj.遥远/隔离的

lab-o-ra-to-ry

a location equipped for scientific experiments


n.实验室

life-sup-port

treating a very ill person to keep them alive


adj.生命保障

lu-nar

to do with the moon    


adj.月的/阴历

ma-te-ri-als

the matter from which things can be made


n.物料

me-tic-u-lous-ly

taking or showing extreme care about little details


adj.精心

mis-sion

an important task, usually involving travel


n.任务/使命

or-bit

the path around a planet or star


n.轨道/常轨

or-bit-ing

moving in orbit around (a star, planet, or moon)


v.轨道

or-gan-i-sms

individual animals, plants, or single-celled life forms


n.生物/有机体

post-grad-u-ate

a student engaged in a postgraduate course of study


n.研究生

probe

physically explore or examine (something) with the hands or an instrument


v.探测

psy-cho-lo-gi-cal

the mental and emotional star of a person


adj.心理/心智

re-search

looking for knowledge


v.调研

sim-u-la-ting

imitate the appearance or character of


v.模拟

space-craft

a ship that flies in space


n.太空船/宇宙航行器

spe-ci-fi-ca-tions

an act of describing or identifying something precisely or of stating precise requirements


n.规格

suc-cess

getting fame or respect, reaching a goal


n.成功

suc-cess-ful

reaching the wanted result or target


adj.成功

suc-cess-ful-ly

ending in success, without problems


adj.顺利

sup-port

help, especially money


v.支持

sur-face

the top, or the outer layer


n.表面/外观

toll

money that must be paid to use a road, bridge or waterway

 


n.收费

waste

use then throw away


v.浪费