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Australian Scientists Pull Up Nightmare Deep Sea Creatures
Australian deep sea expedition dives into the abyss and discovers sea creatures from your wildest dreams (CCSS Level: Grade 8, Words: 408)
Jun 21, 2017 Science & Technology
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No one can hear you scream in the dark depths of the abyss.

Last month, an international team of scientists sponsored by Museums Victoria, as well as a government research organisation, launched an expedition called Sampling the Abyss into the deep sea off Australia's east coast.

What they found may keep you up at night.

During their 31-day journey, the team of scientists visited an unexplored area. Two-and-a-half miles below the Pacific Ocean, they photographed previously unknown sea creatures that live in some of the darkest, most crushing pressure, and most treacherous waters on Earth.

The team used "high-tech multi-beam sonar" for mapping purposes and lowered nets so deep it took seven hours to reach the ocean floor. For scientists, the finds are beginning to shed light on the dramatic evolution of creatures in extreme environments. They've identified previously unknown fishes and found animals living at greater depths than ever recorded.

The expedition's chief scientist Dr.Tim O'Hara noted, "Australia's deep-sea environment is larger in size than the mainland, and until now, almost nothing was known about life on the abyssal plain."

One-third of the creatures they found have never been seen by humans and run the gambit from extremely odd to just plain creepy.

Just some of the examples they discovered, according to the team's media release, are a "coffin fish with a fishing rod on its head, giant anemone-sucking sea spiders, a Blob fish (the cousin of Mr. Blobby, voted the world's ugliest animal), a Shortarse Feelerfish, flesh-eating crustaceans, zombie worms, a Cookie-cutter shark with teeth arranged like the serrated edge of a steak knife, a herd of sea pigs (the ocean's vacuum cleaners), a spectacular Ferrari-red crab with large spines, bioluminescent sea stars, carnivorous sponges, tripods that perch on stilt-like legs and a multitude of microscopic critters."

"Concurrently, we have found highly concerning levels of rubbish on the sea floor," O'Hara added "We're 100 kilometres off Australia's coast, and have found PVC pipes, cans of paint, bottles, beer cans, wood chips and other debris from the days when steamships plied our waters. The seafloor has 200 years of rubbish on it."

If you want to see some of their findings up close, a selection of the creatures will be on display at Melbourne Museum in Australia. Or, if you're like us, the photos of the findings offer something different: seawater-scented nightmare fuel.

Source: https://www.nespmarine.edu.au/abyss-landing-page

What is the scientists's biggest concern?
bioluminescence
how to name sea creatures
trash
sampling
Abyssal plain is an underwater plain on the deep ocean floor, usually at depths between
1,000 - 3,000 metres
2,000 - 5,000 metres
3,000 - 6,000 metres
4,000 - 7,000 metres
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a-byss

a deep or seemingly bottomless chasm


n.深渊

ac-cor-ding

as said by


v.根据

a-ne-mo-ne

a column-shaped sea animal with a ring of stinging tentacles around its mouth


n.海葵

ar-ranged

carefully placed in a pattern or design


v.安排

bi-o-lu-mi-nes-cent

a living organism producing its own light


n.发光生物

car-ni-vo-rous

(of an animal) feeding on other animals


adj.肉食

coast

the edge of the land where it meets the sea


n.岸边

crea-ture

an animal, as distinct from a human being


n.生物

crea-tures

animals, beasts


n.生物

cur-rent

right now / a flow of water in the ocean


adj,n.当前/潮流

de-bris

scattered fragments, typically of something wrecked or destroyed


n.废墟

dif-fer-rent

not the same


adj.不同

dis-co-vered

found, uncovered


v.发现    

dra-mat-ic

of or relating to drama or the performance or study of drama


adj.有声有色

e-lec-tion

a formal and organized process of electing or being elected


n.选举

en-vi-ron-ment

place where something lives


n.环境

ex-pe-di-tion

a journey for a special reason, usually to explore


n.远征

ex-treme

the greatest amount possible, on the edge / highest, very great, dangerous


n,adj.极端

fu-el

material like oil or coal that is burned for heat


n.汽油

go-vern-ment

the ruling body of a nation, state or community


n.政府

high-tech

using special technology


n.高科技

in-ter-na-tion-al

existing between two or more countries


adj.国际

jour-ney

traveling from one place to another


n.旅程

lar-ger

bigger


adj.较大

launched

to send or shoot a rocket into outer space / to get moving


v.发射/推出

main-land

the main part of the land, not an island


n.大陆

ma-rine

to do with the sea


adj.海洋

mi-cro-sco-pic

so small as to be visible only with a microscope


adj.显微/精微的

night-mare

a frightening dream or something that is really difficult


n.恶梦

pres-sure

how hard something is pushing, such as air

 


n.压力

pre-vi-ous

before


adj.以前

pre-vi-ous-ly

before


adv.之前

re-cord

the best or most ever measured    


adj.记录

re-lease

to let go


v.发布

re-search

looking for knowledge


v.调研

sci-en-tists

experts in science, people who study science


n.科学家

spec-tac-u-lar

beautiful, eye-catching


adj.壮观

spine

the bones of the back


n.脊柱

treach-er-ous

dangerous, risky


adj.阴险

vac-u-um

a space entirely without matter


n.真空