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Zaha Hadid - The Woman Who Reshaped Modern Architecture
This Renowned Architect Leaves A Legacy Of Outstanding And Impressive Buildings (CCSS Level: Grade 9, Words: 529)
Jun 1, 2017 History
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Iraqi-born British architect Zaha Hadid was the first female winner of the top Pritazker Architecture Prize on this day in 2004. She also received the UK's most prestigious architectural awards, the Stirling Prize, and she became the first woman to be awarded the 2016 Royal Gold Medal in architecture by the Royal Institute of British Architects.

Hadid died unexpectedly of a heart attack in March 2016 with many projects left unfinished. By the time she passed away she had accrued a fortune worth more than £70 million (78millionUSD).

Just over a year after her death, Hadid's life and work is being remembered with a Google Doodle dedicated to the woman and her ongoing legacy, paying homage to a woman who captured the world's attention and shattered glass ceilings.

Zaha Hadid was born in 1950 and lived abroad for much of her childhood. She went to boarding schools in England and Switzerland as a child, before studying maths at the American University of Beirut. In 1972 she moved to London to study architecture where she wowed professors as a "planet in her own orbit. "

Despite early signs of an inventive style, Hadid didn't complete her first architectural project until she was 44-years-old. Many thought her unique style was unworkable until Vita, a furniture manufacturer, commissioned her first building in the 90s.

In the 20 years that she worked as an architect, Hadid designed scores of renowned buildings across the world, including the London 2012 Olympic Aquatics Centre and the Riverside Museum in Glasgow.

Her best-known buildings include:

Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku, Azebaijan

London 2012 Aquatics Centre in Stratford, UK

Maxxi Museum in Rome, Italy

Guangzhou Opera House in Guangdong, China

Dongdarmum Design Plaza in Seoul, South Korea

Galaxy Soho Building, Beijing

Heydar Aliyev Centre in downtown of Baku

Jockey Club Innovation Tower, Hong Kong

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a-qua-tic

of or relating to water


adj.水栖

a-qua-tics

water sports


n.水上运动

ar-chi-tect

a person who designs buildings and in many cases also supervises their construction


n.建筑师

ar-chi-tec-ture

planning and making buildings    


n.建筑

at-ten-tion

notices taken of something


n.注意/关心

a-ward

a prize in honor of something special


v,n.奖

a-war-ded

given


v,授予

com-mis-sion

a payment to an agent for services


n.佣金

com-plete

to finish, end 


v.完成

de-di-cate

devote (time, effort, or oneself) to a particular task or purpose


v.奉献

de-signed

do or plan something for a reason


v.设计/计划

de-spite

in spite of


preposition.尽管

ex-pec-ted

something seen as likely to happen


v.预期

fe-male

girls, women


n.女性

ga-lax-y

a system of stars and planets


n.星系/银河

hom-age

special honor or respect shown publicly


n.尊敬

in-clu-ding

containing, having as part of the whole


prep.包含

in-sti-tute

an organization having a scientific, educational, or social purpose


n.研究所

leg-a-cy

an amount of money or property left to someone in a will


n.遗产

mis-sion

an important task, usually involving travel


n.任务/使命

or-bit

the path around a planet or star


n.轨道/常轨

pres-tig-ious

inspiring respect, having high status


adj.声望高

pro-fes-sor

teacher at a university


n.教授

re-nowned

known or talked about by many people; famous


adj.闻名/显赫

un-ex-pec-ted

not thought likely to happen


adj.意外

un-ex-pec-ted-ly

not expected, surprising


adj.不料 

u-nique

the only one, not like anything else


adj.独特