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German Kindergartens Must Report Parents For Refusing Vaccine Advice Under New Law
Parents in Germany who fail to seek medical advice on vaccinating their children could face fines of up to €2,500 (CCSS Level: Grade 9, Words: 293)
May 30, 2017 Style & Living
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Germany is not yet making it an offence to refuse vaccinations, unlike Italy.
However, Germany will pass a law next week obliging kindergartens to inform the authorities if parents fail to provide evidence that they have received advice from their doctor on vaccinating their children. Parents refusing the advice risk fines of up to €2,500 ($2,800) under the law which is expected to come into force on June 1.

Health Minister Hermann Gröhe said it was necessary to tighten the law because of a measles epidemic. "Nobody can be indifferent to the fact that people are still dying of measles, " Gröhe told Bild Newspaper. "That's why we are tightening up regulations on vaccination. "

Under the plan, the children of parents who fail to seek vaccination advice could expelled from their daycare centre. The upper house of the German parliament, the Bundesrat, said forcing kindergartens to report some parents to the health authorities might breach data protection laws.

Vaccination rules are being tightened across Europe, where a decline in immunisation has caused a spike in diseases such as measles, chicken pox and mumps, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). As of April 16, Germany has reported a total of 504 measles cases since the beginning of the year, according to ECDC. This is compared to just 33 cases within the same period last year, with 326 cases for the whole of 2016. Last week a 37-year-old mother of three died of measles in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Against the backdrop of the measles epidemic, the Italian government recently obliged parents to immunise their children to be eligible to attend state-run schools. Children aged up to six will now receive 12 compulsory vaccinations against diseases, including measles and meningitis.

When is the law going to come into force?
August 1, 2017
July 1,2017
June 1, 2017
not stated
What is the new law all about?
making it an offence to refuse vaccinations
tightening the law because of a measles epidemic
obliging kindergartens to inform the authorities if parents fail to provide evidence of vaccination
all of the above
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ac-cor-ding

as said by


v.根据

ad-vice

good ideas given by someone who knows


n.忠告

aid

help


n,v.援助

au-thor

a writer of a book or report


n.作者

au-tho-ri-ties

people having the power to control a situation


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chic

elegantly and stylishly fashionable


adj.优美

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an infectious disease causing a mild fever and a rash of itchy inflamed blisters


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required by law or a rule; not optional


adj.必须/义务

con-trol

operate a machine or equipment / the power to change or direct something


v,n.控制

de-cline

a steady drop in numbers or amount


n.下降

dif-fer-rent

not the same


adj.不同

dis-ease

sickness, not being well


n.疾病

e-pi-de-mic

of, relating to, an epidemic, spreading uncontrollably


adj.传染性的/流行的

e-vi-dence

facts that show something is true


n.证据

ex-pec-ted

something seen as likely to happen


v.预期

ex-pel-led

deprive (someone) of membership of or involvement in a school or other organization


v.开除/驱逐

go-vern-ment

the ruling body of a nation, state or community


n.政府

im-mu-nise

make (a person or animal) immune to infection, typically by inoculation


v.免疫

in-clu-ding

containing, having as part of the whole


prep.包含

mea-sles

an infectious viral disease causing fever and a red rash on the skin, typically occurring in childhood


n.麻疹

me-nin-gi-tis

inflammation of the brain caused by viral or bacterial infection, often fatal


n.脑膜炎

mi-ni-ster

a head of a government department


n.部长

mumps

a contagious and infectious viral disease causing swelling of the salivary glands in the face, and a risk of sterility in adult males


n.腮腺炎

o-bli-ging

making compulsory; willing to do a service or kindness; helpful


adj.和蔼可亲

par-lia-ment

the highest governing body


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the action of stopping something from happening


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keep safe from harm


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pro-tec-tion

something that keeps you safe


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not long ago


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re-cent-ly

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a rule or directive made and enforced by an authority


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the chance of something happening


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spike

a sharp increase; impale on or pierce with a sharp point


v.刺穿

tend

regularly or frequently behave in a particular way or have a certain characteristic


v.趋向

vac-ci-na-tion

inoculation, immunization, vaccine, injection, shot, jab


n.疫苗接种