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Governments Tighten Work-Visa Rules For Migrants
New Zealand, Australia to bring in stricter work visa rules (CCSS Level: Grade 10, Words: 491)
Apr 20, 2017 World News
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Low-skilled migrants will only be able to stay in New Zealand for a maximum of three years, under new proposed immigration rules. They would then need to go through a stand-down period before being eligible for another work visa.

Immigration Minister Michael Woodhouse announced this morning in Queenstown a range of changes aimed at controlling immigration numbers, and to help Kiwis into jobs ahead of migrants. The proposals further tighten the rules after the government shut the parent migration category last year.

Employees in seasonal work, such as fruit picking, would also have their visas shortened to the length of time they were needed in the country. The new measures are aimed at controlling record-high levels of migration to New Zealand, amid growing concern about housing shortages,road congestion and overcrowding in Auckland, and other major NZ cities. Last year more than 70,000 people migrated to NZ, according to Statistics NZ, with the majority of them choosing to settle in Auckland, now home to nearly 1.5 million people. The largest number of migrants hail from Britain, China, India, the Philippines and South Africa.

Other changes include requiring people to earn nearly $50,000 a year to qualify as high-skilled migrants. Partners and children would no longer be allowed entry automatically and get work and student visas, but instead would enter the country as visitors and would need to meet visa requirement in their own right. Seasonal occupations would have visas issued for the duration of the season, rather than for 12 months as is presently the case.

The changes come a day after Australia announced that it will abolish a temporary work visa popular with foreigners and replace it with two visas with tougher English language and work skill requirements.

In making the announcement, Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull rejected suggestions the change was in response to far-right wing political parties, such as One Nation, demanding more nationalistic policies. But in a Facebook announcement Mr Turnbull said :"Our reforms will have a simple focus: Australian jobs and Australian values."

Mr Turnbull said the visa change would attract workers with more advanced skills, and mean more Australians would be employed over what he described as cheap foreign workers brought in under the old visa programme. "We are immigration nation, but the fact remains - Australian workers must have priority for Australian jobs," he said. "We'll no longer allow 457 visas to be passports to jobs that could and should go to Australians." The 457 visa was designed to fill Australia's skill shortages and allowed holders to bring members of their family to Australia on so-called 457 secondary visa. But the 457 visa has been mired in controversy with allegations the programme was being misused by employer to import workers cheaply, not to fill genuine skill shortages.

Australia's new visa would be limited to a two-year period. Another new visa, for four years, would require a higher standard of English language skills.

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a-bol-ish

formally put an end to (a system or practice)


v.废除/取消

ac-cor-ding

as said by


v.根据

ad-vance

ahead of time, before something happens


v.提前

ad-vanced

far ahead of others


adj.高级/先进

aid

help


n,v.援助

aimed

tried to achieve something; pointed at


v.目的

al-le-ga-tions

claims that someone has done something illegal or wrong


n.指控/断言

an-nounce

give information, make something public


v.宣布/公布

an-nounced

told everyone


v.公布

an-nounce-ment

a public statement or notice


n.公告

an-oth-er

in addition to


pn.另一个

au-to-ma-tic

little or no human control    


v.自动

au-to-ma-tic-ally

able to work on its own


adv.自动

con-ges-tion

overcrowding, too much or too many


n.拥塞

con-trol

operate a machine or equipment / the power to change or direct something


v,n.控制

con-tro-ver-sy

disagreement, typically when prolonged, public, and heated


n.争议/争论

de-mand

the amount of something needed at one time


n.需求

de-signed

do or plan something for a reason


v.设计/计划

em-ployed

paid to work


v.就业

em-ploy-ees

people paid to work for a company


n.雇员

fo-reign

from another country, strange or unusual

 


adj.国外

gen-u-ine

real,true


adj.真正

go-vern-ment

the ruling body of a nation, state or community


n.政府

im-mi-gra-tion

coming to live permanently in a foreign country


n.迁居移民

mea-sures

a plan or way of doing things /  units showing size or amount


n.措施/v.测量

 

mi-grants

people who move from one place to another for work or better conditions


n.移民

mi-gra-tion

movement of animals from one place to another


n.移民

mi-ni-ster

a head of a government department


n.部长

mired

cause to become stuck


v.陷入

o-ver-crow-ding    

too many people for comfort

 


n.人满为患/拥塞

po-li-ti-cal

of or relating to the government or the public affairs of a country


adj.政治性

pre-sent

to deliver or put forward something / now, at this point in time


v,n.呈现/现在

 

re-cord

the best or most ever measured    


adj.记录

reign

hold royal office; rule as king or queen


v.在位

re-place

take the place of


v.更换

re-quire

need


v.要求

re-quire-ments

things that are needed or wanted


n.要求

rough

having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level


adj.粗暴

shor-tage

not enough of something that is needed


n.短缺/不足

stan-dard

the normal amount


n.标准

sat-tis-tics

facts or pieces of data from a study of a large amount of numerical data


n.统计

sug-ges-tion

an idea or plan


n.建议

tem-po-ra-ry

only for a short time


adj.临时/暂时

va-lue

the importance or worth of something


n.价值