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China To Ban Trade In Ivory
Environmental campaigners applaud move to protect vulnerable elephant populations (CCSS Level: Grade 9, Words: 344)
Jan 2, 2017 World News
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A few months ago, MaxNewz reported on the worrying fall in African elephant numbers, largely caused by illegal poaching of the animals for their precious tusks. Now some good news has been released that will certainly give the elephant some breathing room and hopefully allow their numbers to recover.

China's State Council has just made an announcement that has pleased animal protection campaigners around the world - the almost complete ban on the domestic ivory trade in China. This will prevent the manufacture and sale of ivory products and is due to come into effect before the end of this year.

Already the first batch of factories and shops in China has been announced and they will lose their licenses before 31 March, 2017. WildAid's wildlife campaigner Alex Hofford praised the decision, calling it "the biggest and best conservation news of 2016". The World Wildlife Fund says that upward of 20,000 elephants are killed each year to supply the ivory trade. A hundred years ago there were as many as 4 million elephants, but that number has plunged to only 415,000 today. The animal is now officially on the 'vulnerable' list.

The government announcement allows legally obtained ivory antiques still to be auctioned, but only under "strict supervision" and only after official clearance and authorisation. The government will also boost law enforcement and enhance education to ensure people understand the new rules and abide by them.

WWF Hong Kong's Senior Wildlife Crime Officer Cheryl Lo said the aggressive timeline "shows determination to help save Africa's elephants from extinction. A ban clearly requires strong enforcement and support from the government to be most effective. But with China's announcement, three of the world's largest domestic ivory markets, that is China, Hong Kong and the U.S., are being phased out," Lo said in a statement. The United States put in place a near-total ban on the commercial ivory trade back in June.

Campaigners are now pressing the Hong Kong government to speed up its plans for phasing out their local ivory trade before the deadline of 2021.

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aid

help


n,v.援助

an-nounce

give information, make something public


v.宣布/公布

an-nounced

told everyone


v.公布

an-nounce-ment

a public statement or notice


n.公告

au-thor

a writer of a book or report


n.作者

ban

officially not allow


v.禁止

cam-paign

work in an active way to reach a goal


n.运动/竞选活动

cam-paign-er

a person who actively promotes the goals of a cause


n.活动家

com-mer-cial

making money


adj.商业的    

com-plete

to finish, end 


v.完成

con-ser-va-tion

the action of conserving something, in particular living things


n.保护

de-ci-sion

the act of deciding something, making a choice


n.决定

de-ter

discourage (someone) from doing something, usually through fear of consequences


v.阻止/吓住

do-mes-tic

inside a country, tame, not wild


adj.国内

ef-fec-tive

able to produce a result


adj.有效

en-force-ment

the act of forcing observance of or obeying of a law


n.执法

ex-tinc-tion

the process of an animal becoming extinct or disappearing


n.灭绝

go-vern-ment

the ruling body of a nation, state or community


n.政府

il-le-gal

not allowed by law, not legal


adj.非法

lice

small, wingless, parasitic insects that live on the skin of mammals and birds


n.虱子

mar-ket

to sell / an area of business, the place where things are sold


v.n,销路/市场

of-fi-cial-ly

authorized or allowed


adj.正式

plunge

the act of jumping or diving into water


n.跳进

poa-ching

illegal hunting and killing of wild animals


v.盗猎

precious

having great value


adj.珍贵

pro-ducts

things made for sale


n.产品

pro-tect

keep safe from harm


v.保护

pro-tec-tion

something that keeps you safe


n.保护

re-lease

to let go


v.发布

re-leased    

set free, allowed to move


v.放出/发布

re-quire

need


v.要求

re-quires

needs


v.要求/需求

strict

follow the rules exactly


严格

sup-port

help, especially money


v.支持

vis-ion

sight, seeing


n.眼光/视力

vul-ner-a-ble

susceptible to physical or emotional attack or harm


adj.弱势

wor-ry-ring

causing worry or alarm


ADJ.令人担忧